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Karate Terminology

General Vocabulary:

 

  • Attention---Kiosuke

  • Basic Movement---Kihon

  • Begin---Hajime

  • Below Black Belt Rank---Kyu

  • Black Belt Rank---Dan

  • Board Breaking---Tameshiwara

  • Bow---Rei

  • Expert---Renshi

  • Free Style Sparring---Jiyu Kumite

  • Forms---Kata

  • Front---Shomen

  • Good Morning---Konnichiwa

  • Good Bye---Sayonara

  • Good Evening---Konbanwa

  • Instructor/Teacher---Sensei

  • Left---Hidari

  • Lower Area---Gedan

  • Master---Shihan

  • Mental Concentration---Kime

  • Meditate---Mukutso

  • Middle Area---Chudan

  • Punching Board---Makiwara

  • Ready Position---Kako

  • Right---Migi

  • Senior Kyu---Sempai

  • Stop---Yame

  • Thank You Very Much---Domo Arigato

  • Traning Hall---Dojo

  • Uniform---Gi

  • Belt---Obi

  • Upper Area---Jodan

  • Power Yell---Kiai

  • Wizard---Kyoshi

Counting in Japanese:

 

  • One--- Ichi

  • Two---Ni

  • Three---San

  • Four---Shi

  • Five---Go

  • Six---Roku

  • Seven---Shichi

  • Eight---Hachi

  • Nine---Ku

  • Ten---Ju

  • Twenty---Niju

  • Thirty---Sanju

  • Fourty---Shiju/Yonju

  • Fifty---Goju

  • Sixty---Rokuju

  • Seventy---Shichiju

  • Eighty---Hachiju

  • Ninty---Kuju

  • One Hundred---Hyaku

 

Rank:

 

  • White Belt---9th Kyu

  • White Belt, 1 Stripe---8th Kyu

  • White Belt, 2 Stripes---7th Kyu

  • White Belt, 3 Stripes---6th Kyu

  • Green Belt---5th Kyu

  • Purple Belt---4th Kyu

  • Brown Belt, 3 Stripes---3rd Kyu

  • Brown Belt, 2 Stripes---2nd Kyu

  • Brown Belt, 1 Stripe---1st Kyu

  • Shodan---1st Degree Black Belt

 

 

 

Stances:

 

  • Attention---Kiosuke

  • Back Stance---Koketsu Dachi

  • Cat Stance---Neko-Ashi Dachi

  • Crane Stance---Sagi-Ashi Dachi

  • Front Forward Stance---Zen-Kustu Dachi

  • Horse Stance---Kiba Dachi

  • Hourglass Stance---Sanchin Dachi

  • Kneeling Position---Sayza

  • Natural Stance---Hekio Dachi

  • Ready Stance---Kako Dachi

 

Hand Techniques:

 

  • Backfist---Uraken Uchi

  • Elbow Strike---Empi Uchi

  • Finger Pierce---Nukite Uchi

  • Front Punch---Seiken Zuki

  • Hammerfist---Tettsui Uchi

  • Knife Hand---Shuto

  • Palm Heel---Shotei

  • Reverse Punch---Gayku Zuki

  • Ridge Hand---Haito Uchi

  • Rising Punch---Age Zuki

  • Wrist Strike---Koken

 

Foot Techniques:

 

  • Back Kick---Ushiro Geri

  • Front Kick---Mae Geri

  • Jumping Front Kick---Tobi Mae Geri

  • Knee--Hiza

  • Roundhouse Kick---Mawashi Geri

  • Side Kick---Yoko Geri

  • Stomping Kick---Fumkiom Geri